How To Effectively Kill Fungus Gnats
Infestation of fungus gnats in your yard or house is one of the most frustrating and annoying problems you will have to deal with responsibly.
Sciarid gnats are black, tiny insects found hovering over house plants. They are members of the Sciaridae family. The presence of fungus gnats is not limited to your garden.
If you keep a plant on your indoor garden that’s infested with fungus gnats, your home will be exposed to the annoying infestation.
What Are Fungus Gnats?
It is detrimental for your home garden to leave both the adults and the larvae untreated, as they destroy the plants quite quickly if they are not treated.
Pests like fungus gnats cause damage to crops through their larvae. The eggs of adult fungus gnats are laid in your growing medium.
As soon as the larvae hatch, fungus gnats attach themselves to the roots of your plants and rob them of nutrients.
You will find adult gnats will attach themselves to your houseplant if it contains decaying organic material.
The adult fungus gnats prefer moist soil for egg laying but they also prefer organic matter like peat moss, wood chips, and compost. That’s why it’s crucial to prevent moisture loss from the plant.
What Damage Do Fungus Gnats Cause?
Viruses carried by fungus gnats could cause your plants to die as larvae will deprive the roots of nutrients. Adult fungus gnats can also cause fatal diseases and be detrimental to your health.
How To Control The Fungus Gnats Pest
It is crucial to learn some tried-and-tested methods that can eliminate the fungus gnats issue. Because of the damage they cause to your plants, these creepy, little buggers are not to be taken lightly.
These steps will help you get rid of the most common indoor plant pest.
The challenge of controlling an infestation of fungus gnats may seem more difficult than controlling an infestation of fruit flies, but there are many effective methods of control available, ranging from neem oil and apple cider vinegar to DIY vinegar traps.
Regardless of how much experience you have with plants, controlling gnat infestations is easy.
Drying Out Soil
A lot of fungus gnat infestations occur because plants and soil are overwatered. Make sure the soil is kept dry by waiting longer between watering sessions. This will prevent gnats from breeding in the soil.
In order to kill eggs and larvae, simply turn the soil up by around 2cm. This will expose the eggs and larvae and cause the soil to instantly dry out. Don’t begin watering the plant until at least about an inch has dried out.
Even though this method reduces the number of larvae, it does not completely resolve the problem because many plants can’t be underwatered for an extended period of time. Once the water is returned to normal, the gnats will return.
Another simple method to get rid of fungus gnats is to use or make sticky traps yellow sticky traps will effectively control pests in an eco-friendly and cost-effective way. You can also make your own yellow sticky traps.
This method involves smearing Vaseline onto a piece of cardboard 4 inches by 6 inches. Then, place the cardboard horizontally on top of the potting media so that it catches adult insects as they jump from the potting soil.
A yellow trap should be set vertically to catch incoming whiteflies and gnats in the same manner.
Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth
In addition to using food grade diatomaceous earth, another way to get rid of fungus gnats is with food grade mineralized food dust. These mineralized grains of silica sever any flies that fly through them.
Adding the dust to the surface of the soil or into potting mix will kill the larvae of pesky fungus gnats when they come in contact with it.
The dust from DE is toxic and can result in serious health problems if inhaled. While working with DE, it is recommended that you wear a dust mask.
Fungus gnat control can be achieved using a variety of biological methods.
The hydrogen peroxide solution should be made by combining 3 parts hydrogen peroxide with 4 parts water. Keep the solution aside and let the top layer of soil dry completely.
Once this step is complete, spray the solution on your plants as you would normally do when watering them. The soil will fizz during application. This is perfectly normal.
This method uses peroxide to eliminate adult fungus gnats in a simple yet effective way.
One of the most effective methods for killing fungus gnats is to sprinkle weak chamomile tea on the plants.
Use the mixture whenever you water your plant. Sprinkle it on the soil surface to disrupt the lifecycle of the larvae. Brew one gallon of tea according to the directions, and add it to a one gallon watering can. You can do this once a week.
Control Fungus Gnats, Cinnamon A Natural Option
Cinnamon powder, a natural fungicide that is readily available and extremely effective, is great for treating fungus gnats.
Cinnamon powder eliminates damping off by eliminating the fungus for which larvae feed.
You can sprinkle cinnamon powder on top of the soil in a very simple manner, just sprinkle enough on the top layer.
An antifungal material like this is useful for eating fungus you’ll typically find on decaying plant matter and gardening soil.
Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis
It is a naturally occurring bacteria, often referred to as Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis (BTI), which attacks a variety of insects, larvae, and worms. In general, the strains of Bt, H-14, or israelensis have effectiveness against fungus gnat larvae.
Among the most effective methods of killing fungus gnats is with Steinernema feltiae. These creatures are worm-like creatures that enter the larvae after which they release a bacterium that kills the larvae.
Until four to eight hours before harvesting, bury the potato chunks just under the soil surface. Removing the potato chunks requires digging in the soil surface for four to eight hours. Infestations of flies on potatoes are noticeable when you see them crawling on them.