Succulents are propagated through leaf cuttings, stem cuttings, offsets or seeds. They can be propagated by breaking off a leaf and sticking it in the ground.
Discover how to grow succulents from cuttings and leaves using succulent propagation methods.
The fact that they require little care and can be watered less often than most houseplants makes succulents perfect for people like me who are busy.
Over the years, I have collected several varieties of plants, with my favorite being aloe vera. I wanted to expand my collection without spending a ton of money.
In order to grow new plants, I started researching how to grow them from existing ones.
What if only one leaf could create several identical baby succulents, identical to the mother plant?
When I saw how my Echevaria and Crassula leaves fell off the mother plants and rooted themselves, I realized how simple it was. After that there was no stopping me!
After reading numerous blog posts and articles about propagating succulents, I eventually mastered the process.
It depends on the climate where you live and the type of succulent you are growing. Some plants are best for both leaf cuttings and stem cuttings, while others are only good for stem cuttings.
Using different propagation methods such as stem-cutting, leaf-cutting and offsets, I have created this step-by-step guide on how to propagate succulents.
Succulent Propagation 101
The process of propagating succulents involves growing another plant from a variety of sources.
In succulent propagation, you can use roots, offsets, seedlings, leaves, or stem cuttings from an existing mature plant to grow another succulent.
Plants reproduce in order to protect themselves from damage caused by environmental hazards such as wind, water, animals, foot traffic, and even humans.
The plant reproduces itself in this way through its natural ability. Yeah, succulents have that amazing power.
Why You Should Propagate Your Succulents
After I bought my first Gasteria, I became obsessed with multiplying succulents. They were expensive and I was eager to collect every type I could find.
In addition to propagating succulents for wedding receptions, I also propagated a variety of species with leaf cuttings to add to my collection. Now I sell and swap cuttings regularly and continue to increase my collection.
You can make your succulent collection more affordable by propagating the succulents you already have.
After you start multiplying your plants, you will also soon be able to sell and/or swap what you have in order to increase the variety of your collection. They also make great gifts.
The Benefits Of Propagating Succulents
- You can grow succulents in a fun and satisfying way.
- The thrill of seeing a plant grow is a rewarding hobby.
- An inexpensive way to save
- Succulents can be exchanged with fellow gardeners. They can even be given as a gift.
- By increasing the number of succulents, the air will become cleaner and more oxygen will be added into the atmosphere.
- These can really beautify any place because they’re so aesthetically pleasing!
What You Need In Propagating Succulents
Of course, you need to choose which succulents to propagate.
The materials should be sharp scissors, clean pruning shears, or a sterilized razor blade to avoid unnecessary stress on the cutting process and to prevent the introduction of bacteria.
You can order succulent leaves and stems from local stores if you do not have any leaf or stem cuttings for succulent propagation.
You should also have gardening gloves, fast-draining succulent soil, potting medium for succulents, containers with adequate drainage holes, and a small hand trowel.
Five Different Ways to Propagate Succulents
Following are detailed descriptions of all five methods. They are:
- Leaf Propagation
- Stem Propagation
- Root Propagation
- Offset and Division Propagation
- Seed Progpagation
1. Succulents Propagated From Leaves: How To Do It
Leaf propagation occurs when a plant responds to some types of environmental stress by producing more leaves. Most succulents can be propagated from a single, healthy leaf. In order to produce future generations of plants, the leaves drop.
Graptopetalum, echeveria, and sedum all have large, fleshy leaves that make this process effective.
In addition, they may also lose leaves when handled by passing animals, cause root rot, or suffer root rot.
Remove Leaves For Propagation
When there are no fallen leaves, pick a healthy leaf from the bottom of the plant and gently pull it off the stem. Using your thumb and forefinger, twist it back and forth until it comes off.
Alternatively, you can use a clean knife to remove an active leaf from the plant’s base.
After you have the leaves you want, make sure the meristem tissues, which form at the junction of the leaf, are still attached. Repot the parent plant after it has the leaves you want.
Let Your Leaf Dry Out
Lay the leaves face up on top of the soil in the containers. The curved sides of the leaves should not touch the soil.
Leave the leaf cutting healing and drying for about 4 days. This will help the new plant grow nicely and thrive.
The leaf will not become mushy or infected with fungal spores because open wounds are a breeding ground for fungal spores, especially if you grow a lot of succulents in a small space.
Unless you are growing many plants, this may not be a problem.
You should spray the cuttings daily with a misting bottle once they’ve dried out for a few days. You want to keep them warm and moist, but not wet.
Will My Propagated Cutting Die If I Put It In The Soil Too Soon?
Yes, since succulent leaves store water, placing them in the soil too soon will allow them to absorb all the moisture in the growing medium. As a result, the leaf will rot due to too much water.
When the leaf cuttings are removed from the plant, let them dry out for up to 4 days (sometimes, with large tree cuttings, like Euphorbia cooperii, you can let them dry out for 2 – 4 weeks!).
A callous forms over the wound where the cutting was removed from the mother plant during this waiting period. This protects the plant against disease and also allows it to grow roots instead of storing energy.
So How Much Water Should I Give And How Often?
If the top layer of soil does not dry out between waterings, then it is safe to water it. To determine when to water, take into account the time of year, the heat, the light, and the soil.
When you first begin propagating succulents, you will need to keep an eye on them to make sure they don’t dry out too much.
Usually twice a day is enough.
Cuttings and the soil surface are well hydrated with A Mist diffusers.
Wait For Sprouting New Roots
After 2 to 4 weeks, you should see new roots developing at the base of the leaf. Continue misting.
After the leaf has formed new babies (usually after 8 weeks), you can remove it from the growing tray and place the rooted cutting in its own pot.
What If The Leaves Are Mushy But Still Bright Green?
Most succulent leaf cuttings will become mushy when they become wet. By the time they become mushy, their cell walls have ruptured from excessive water consumption. They cannot recover.
The mushy part of your cutting can be broken off and the roots and plant-lets planted into a new pot if it has already been root-bound.
Plant Succulent Leaves Once They Root
In about three weeks, you should see new leaves and roots growing from the calloused end. This means your babies are ready to be potted in their own containers.
Plant succulents in soil designed for succulents and wet it.
Cover the new roots just enough with soil to cover them, then lay the leaf cutting on top of that. Watch them closely and provide water as needed.
The original leaf should turn brown, but don’t be alarmed. It can be removed at this time, and the plant should continue to grow.
Why Do My Succulents Die During Propagation?
There are a number of reasons for a die off. The most obvious would be too much water. Indirect sunlight is another example.
Also caused by moisture and unhygienic grow areas, fungal infection or stem rot are possible causes.
What are the best ways to treat fungal infections on my cuttings and succulents?
Cinnamon powder can be used to treat fungal infections naturally.
It is very effective as a fungicide when sprayed on all succulents and cuttings to prevent rust and other fungal spores from spreading. When powder is mixed with boiling water the natural cinnamon oil is released and this acts as an excellent fungicide.
It is also possible to use environmentally friendly organic fungicides. Work areas should always be clean and dry.
Always use soil that is disease-free and adhere to good hygiene standards.
Propagation of succulent leaves – one week at a time
Succulent Leaf Propagation Step By Step
- Leaves should be plump and firm for leaf propagation.
- To dry your leaves, place them in indirect sunlight and a warm place.
- The cut end of the leaves should have developed a callus. Allow the wound to callous over for around four to seven days.
- A tray filled with succulent mix is the perfect place to arrange the leaves, giving them ample airflow while ensuring the calloused end faces up.
- It takes about three to four weeks for the leaves to grow roots naturally. Be sure to keep the calloused end close to the soil.
- To prevent the roots from drying out, cover them with soil.
- The top of the soil should be misted every other day to keep rooting succulents hydrated as compared to fully-grown ones.
- The leaf should be plump and not torn.
- In case the leaves become mushy, squishy, wrinkle-up, or dry out, discard them.
- When the new plant begins to form its own leaves, transplant the leaf into its own pot.
2. Succulent Propagation: Propagating plants from stem cuttings
Numerous succulents can be propagated by stem cuttings, including Calanchoe, Aeonium kiwi, Sempervivum, Portulacaria afra, Senecio, Echeveria, and Crassio.
Cuttings can be made from succulents that grow in a woody, shrub-like fashion.
Just like in leaf propagation, a fallen branch will sprout roots from its meristem tissues when it reaches the soil. The soil is moist for the branch’s leaves.
Increasing the number of new plants can be done by cutting the stem into pieces and placing them on top of the soil in a pot or tray.
As soon as three days after planting, roots will begin to appear depending on the temperature and humidity.
During the winter, succulents slow down their growth. So take cuttings in warmer months for faster results.
Take A Stem Cutting For Propagation
The best stems to pick are those that are relatively short, actively growing. Cut the stem cleanly at the base of the plant with a knife or razor blade while holding the plant close to your body.
As with leaf propagation, make sure the meristem tissues are intact. The cells at the junction between the stem and leaf are capable of forming roots and leaves.
Cut off the rosette of a rosette-shaped succulent whilst leaving the stem intact if you are propagating it.
Place Stem Cuttings Into Soil For Sprouting New Roots
Your cutting should be placed in a pot filled with good quality, moist soil.
Allow it to heal for about 4 days.
Roots will begin to grow from your cutting after about 4 days.
Give it plenty of light and place it in your chosen planter.
During this stage, you should not overwater, just moisten the soil when it starts to look dry. Approximately four to six weeks should be necessary for new growth.
The stem can also be placed in a Mason jar or large glass of fresh water and placed in a sunny window.
In about four weeks, new roots will appear, then repot your plant in soil made for succulents.
Before cutting roots, if the water becomes murky or green, simply empty the jar and refill it with fresh water.
Quick Facts About Propagating Succulents From Stem Cuttings
- Use two to five-inch-long cuttings with two sets of leaves.
- Two nodes on the branch are necessary to provide the new plant with a place to root and moisture.
- Three to four days is the minimum amount of time you should dry out the cuttings.
- The cutting is rooted at the point that will retain its leaves.
- Orientation of the leaves indicates which part of the stem should point downward for rooting.
- Plant them in a fast drainage succulent soil in the direction they should be facing.
- After cutting the stems, keep them out of direct sunlight for a few days so that they callus over, reducing the risk of rotting.
- After two to three days, insert the root end of the stem cuttings into dry succulent soil.
- Provide indirect light for your cuttings.
- Every 7 to 14 days you should mist the soil.
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