Plants are easy to care for, are aesthetically pleasing, and can add a touch of elegance to a room. Most of them require little or no maintenance. Your plants might suffer if you don’t give them what they need. They will show you signs of suffering, but if you ignore them long enough they will most likely depart.
Improper irrigation, low light, under or over fertilization, etc., are some of the common reasons for your plant’s stress. Your plants are likely to suffer from these issues in the long run, even if they do not appear to have any immediate impact.
It’s a painful experience when you see your plant die. Although we cannot guarantee that your plants will come back to life, we can teach you how to treat your other plants properly.
In addition, we will help you identify any potential problems with your plant and provide you with an appropriate solution.
Why are all my indoor plants dying?
A variety of factors can lead to a plant’s life or death.
What you provide for your plants will determine whether or not they thrive and how they respond to that care.
Here are some critical factors houseplants require in order to thrive.
Not Enough Light
Light is the primary fuel for plant growth and health. Even though houseplants are less demanding than other plants, they still need ample light to carry out essential functions and grow evenly.
Low light for too long can cause problems for most houseplants. They will stop growing over time and may even wilt.
Your houseplants require sunlight to produce photosynthesis, so they can grow and keep their foliage green, as well as to dry out moist soil.
Foliage plants require an adequate amount of light to maintain green leaves. Flowering plants, on the other hand, require much less light.
In many cases, hobbyists believe their plants are getting enough light by placing them near the window.
What I mean by this is that if you have windows or balconies, your houseplants have access to a lot of light; however, you need to determine how much, where, or how much intensity of light they are getting.
Watering the wrong way
Overwatering houseplants is a common mistake that beginner hobbyists make when they care for the plant too much. This results in root rot, stunted growth, and long-term wilting of the plant.
Organic matter or sand may make the soil of the plant tightly packed, causing it to be difficult for water to flow and dry.
Soil drowns in too much water, so it suffocates because of the lack of airflow caused by too much water. This gets worse with every irrigation.
Sometimes it’s not the frequency of watering that’s wrong, but rather the amount of water you pour in. Your plants need to be checked for the amount of water they need.
Underwatering for a long period of time leads to your plants getting accustomed to drought and losing their foliage.
The soil is now bone-dry, and 90% of the water will run off through drainage holes without sinking into the ground.
The plant owners feel the soil is saturated and continues to underwhelm, resulting in stunted growth.
Too much fertilizer
Fertilizer can be overused as we already know, and potting soil is not capable of supplying the macronutrients and micronutrients vital to a houseplant’s growth and health.
People frequently grow houseplants rapidly and feed them more than necessary hoping to boost their plants’ nutrients and make them grow faster.
Initially, the plants may put out new growth, but they will soon grow leggy, and their roots will have difficulty. As a result, your beautiful houseplant is likely to be lost.
Initially, overfeeding makes the soil harder for plants to absorb water. As a result, your plants use their reserved water.
Soil solids are concentrated in the roots as they rise from the soil.
Therefore, your houseplants’ roots are pressured by excess fertilizer and the water flow reverses, resulting in the burning of leaves.
When your plant is stressed, it will stop functioning, which means no growth.
Many houseplant hobbyists neglect cultural conditions affecting their plants, even though they fulfill all the requirements for their plants.
Normally, indoor plants prefer moderate temperatures and high levels of humidity. During the cold months, both of these conditions can be compromised.
The stressed plants enter into the picture when you ignore how dry conditions will affect your houseplants.
It continues to dry out and heat systems continue to drain moisture from the plants.
During dry weather, households tend to lose moisture more than usual through transpiration, which their roots and soil cannot replenish.
During the winter months, your plants are already at their dormant phase, so moisture is essential to maintain them. Without it, your plants will lose most of their water reserves and energy.
Common problems with house plants
Houseplants are susceptible to a wide range of problems including:
Underwatering. The roots and soil can not absorb adequate water if they are dry most of the time.
Temperature stress. Whenever indoor plants experience temperatures outside their normal range.
- The soil should be watered adequately and a finger inserted in the topsoil should indicate whether it needs water.
- Plants are watered as needed, without regard to any schedule.
- Place your plants away from direct sunlight, give them adequate water, and move them inside your home to adjust the temperature level.
- During winter, keep your plants away from heating systems and provide them with enough light to dry out the soil.
Low light. It is essential that plants have access to adequate light, especially in the short days, so they stretch themselves out trying to reach all the available light.
Over fertilization. Excess nutrients can also lead to leggy growth, as the plants grow longer with fewer leaves because of an unnecessarily rapid rate of growth.
- Make sure your garden receives at least half a day of direct sunlight in winter.
- Using artificial light sources such as grow lights, LEDs, lamps, and the like may be necessary in low-light areas of your home.
- Fertilize your houseplants only as prescribed, over-fertilization will not help in new growth over the long-term.
- Wash the soil thoroughly after fertilizing so excess salt is drenched. Do not fertilize for a couple of months.
Aging. Natural process of ageing. Only older and lower parts of leaves turn yellow.
Too much light. Plants getting too much light.
Watering stress. Your plants are either overwatered or underwatered.
- Considering that aging is natural, it should be ignored.
- Place your plant somewhere with filtered light throughout the day or with very little direct sunlight for a few hours.
- Make sure the plant isn’t being overwatered or underwatered.
- The soil should not be damp, but dry enough to support your plant. If the soil is too dry, then you have underwatered your plant.
- You can correct the problem by watering the soil as needed or lifting the pot to check the weight of the pot.
Direct sun. Leaf burn is potentially due to the direct sun on the plant for long hours.
- Your plant requires no more than indirect light and a few pruned leaves.
- It is possible that the plant dehydrated from too much heat.
Brown Leaf Tips
Dry air. When there is insufficient moisture in the atmosphere, keep away from heating systems or place outside during hot weather.
Under watering. Providing your plants with insufficient water will result in brown leaf tips.
Too much feeding. Too much fertilizer causes salt to build up in the soil, resulting in brown leaf tips over time.
- Houseplants that are strategically grouped together will produce better humidity through transpiration.
- Plants should be kept on a pebble tray, and water should be added just enough so the roots are not touched by the water.
- You may need to mist the air or use an electric humidifier if it is too dry.
- Use the finger/skewer technique before watering them, and be sure to water more frequently than you already do.
- Fertilizer is needed on houseplants once in a while, depending on the type you have. A little fertilizer goes a long way, so you should fertilize once every 2-3 months.
- Consider repotting the plant in fresh soil if the conditions are severe.
Over watering. When plants are overwatered, they produce leaves that are smaller in size, and they soon wilt. This causes root damage as well.
Nutrients deficiency. Insufficient nutrients rob plants of the energy they need to produce large leaves and healthy leaves.
- It is necessary to stop watering for a few days until the soil is completely dry.
- You should water the soil if it is dry next time.
- Fertilize your plants based on the recommendation for your plant.
Fungus. Fungi can cause leaf spots.
Contaminated pots. Leaf spots are also caused by contaminated pots as they can easily grow bacteria that destroy soil quality.
Poor ventilation. Due to poor drainage, plant roots are prone to becoming damp for a long time, leading to bacterial and fungal development. This leads to leaf spots.
- Plant parts that are infected should be removed.
- Your plants can be treated with any organic fungicide.
- You can also use copper soap spray.
- Make sure the air is well circulated.
- Don’t splash water on the foliage.
Brown Dying Leaves
Nitrogen or iron deficiency. If the roots are lacking vital nutrients, the upper leaves become brown and eventually die off due to lack of water and nutrients.
Watering stress. When you water incorrectly, you damage the roots and suffocate soil. The soil and roots are unable to breathe.
- Fertilizer must be balanced according to the plants’ requirements.
- Fertilize the plant once every two months to ensure its nutrient needs are met.
- If you are overwatering or underwatering, you can fix the problem by determining first if you are overwatering or underwatering.
- Ensure your plants receive adequate water if they are underwatered.
- Overwatered soil must be allowed to dry completely.
- You should always test the soil moistness using your finger.
- Your plant can also be alerted when it needs water using a moisture meter.
White Spots and Fungal Growth
Over watering. The majority of houseplants prefer moisture. Overwatering though does not please them, as it creates an ideal environment for bacteria and fungus to attack the soil and roots.
Poor ventilation. Fungal growth is easier due to poor ventilation, since they are already waiting for the right environment to grow.
Powdery mildew. These white spots are caused by a fungus. They are contagious.
- When fungal growth occurs, it’s essential to correct overwatering as soon as possible. The more you water, the larger the growth of the fungal disease.
- Wait a few days before watering your plant.
- Provide your plants with good airflow for a better environment.
- It will also help to kill bacteria if the plant receives enough light.
- You can get rid of powdery mildew and fungus by spraying one tablespoon baking soda, half a tablespoon liquid soap and one gallon of water on the leaves.
Brown and Mushy Roots
Over watering. The roots of your plants can become weak and diseased if they are overwatered. If your roots are suffocated, they will develop root rot, making them weak.
- Clean the roots thoroughly and get rid of the soil.
- All the brown mushy roots should be pruned gently.
- For a few hours, expose the plant to fresh air under the sun.
- Replace the soil mix with fresh, sterilized soil.
Drought. The soil becomes bone dry and stops absorbing water after a point causing curling of the leaves. Drought stress is caused by extreme underwatering.
Low Humidity. Plants lose their moisture as a result of low air humidity, and the moisture stored in their leaves is used up, causing them to dry out and curl.
- Take steps to prevent your plants from experiencing drought stress by watering regularly.
- Maintain moisture in the air by misting regularly.
- If the air in the atmosphere is too dry, use a humidifier.
Salt Build Up
Over watering. Overwatering your plants causes salt buildups because water has minerals within it.
Over fertilization. In fact, since you’re overfeeding your plants, excess nutrients will be seen on and in the soil in the form of salt buildup.
- When you see the 1/4 part of the soil on the soil surface, gently remove it from the top.
- Make sure the soil is filled with warm water and all excess salt and water is drained out of the drainage holes.
Under watering. The lack of water also results in a lack of nutrients and energy for the plant to grow and stay alive, resulting in stunted growth.
Pests attack. Plant pests are small, irritating sucking insects that eat sap from plants, which weaken them and deprive them of nutrients. When this happens, the plants begin to stop growing.
Cultural conditions. It is important to avoid environmental conditions that can stunt plant growth. Low humidity levels, inappropriate temperatures and dry air are all culprits.
- Plants need frequent watering. For optimal results, filtered water should be used.
- To combat pests, use organic insecticides, such as Neem oil, horticultural oil, insecticidal spray, and other natural products.
- The problem must be treated until it persists.
- If your plant is not receiving the proper conditions, check the cultural conditions.
- Naturally manipulate the condition.